Python and Golang are both powerful programming languages with distinct strengths and applications. In this blog, take a look between the similarities & differences of Python & Golang.
Python and Go (Golang) are both popular languages used for backend development. Both languages are Open Source and powerful. Languages have their pros and cons and their use cases vary according to the needs of a project. Before we talk about the similarities and differences, let us briefly look at them individually.
Developed by Guido van Rossum, Python is a popular & general-purpose language for programming. It is in demand with most developers with straightforward syntax. A broad selection of projects & systems uses Python due to its various libraries & community support.
Instead of curly braces, Python prefers indentation for blocks. The standard indentation recommended is to use four spaces for a standard python code, in which both tabs & spaces are supported.
Launched by Google in 2009, Golang is an open-source language designed to reduce the complexity to manage the codebases & infrastructure within Google. It was developed to make languages such as C++ easy to manage. It is short with a few things but can resolve many issues. Having said that, it does not have an extensive library or object-oriented programming support but it does have strong security, Goroutines & some standard libraries.
When it comes to ease of usability, Python wins the round. Python’s syntax makes it easier to learn and understand, and hence it is a popular language among first-time coders.
Let’s look at the classic Hello World example in both languages:
From the above example, the simplicity of Python can be seen. This simplicity also brings disadvantages which were reflected in the difference between the languages.
When it comes to Web applications, both Python and Golang are great, and both have respective frameworks that help the developer write applications with ease. Python has frameworks like Flask, Django, FastAPI, web2py, and lots more. Go has frameworks like Gin, Fiber, Echo, and many more. Go often prevails in web development compared to Python due to its built-in concurrency model.
To summarize, Python and Golang are both powerful programming languages with distinct strengths and applications. Python is an excellent choice for projects that require a significant amount of data manipulation or machine learning, whereas Golang is an excellent choice for developing large, scalable systems. Finally, the choice between the two languages will be determined by the project's specific requirements, the peers you are working with, and the architecture where the project must run.
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