The world has seen a boom in the field of Artificial Intelligence in the past few years & What our AI community has achieved in the last decade has set a strong foundation for the future
In the last few years, the world has seen a boom in the field of Artificial Intelligence. That’s because of the various factors such as:
1. Availability of hardware, courses, platforms, big companies taking workshops, etc.
2. Data: Huge data collected by different companies, IoT devices, etc
3. Computation: Availability of AWS, Google Cloud, NVIDIA GPUS, etc
Thanks to the vast research and development conducted in the past decade, AI has become a prime technology in today’s world and is expected to change the future with its wide range of applications.
In this post, I’ll take you through various different stages of AI development in the past decade.
DeepMind Technologies is a UK based artificial intelligence company, co-founded by Demis Hassabis and had a big impact in the field of AI.
ImageNet competition brought a lot of development in the field of computer vision. Designed for research in object recognition, it contains 14 million images hand-annotated for 20,000 categories, like a balloon, chair, etc. It is held annually. The primary goal of the competition is to reduce the error rate in identifying categories like chairs from the image. It was the brainchild of the renowned professor Fei-Fei-Li.
IBM Watson is a question-answering computer system. It beats two former Jeopardy champions. This was a gigantic leap of AI in Natural language processing. It shows AI reached the level of understanding the different intricacies of human language.
In one of the competitions of German Sign language recognition, AI build with the help of CNN’s beats the Human accuracy of 99.2% The accuracy which AI achieved was 99.46%. A similar groundbreaking feat was achieved in the ImageNet competition where the University of Toronto reduced the error rate from 25% to 16%. It was this period when AI started getting better than humans in computer vision tasks.
Google Glass is a brand of smart glasses. It was developed by X with the mission of producing a ubiquitous computer. It is an optical head-mounted display in the shape of glasses. This created a pavement for a new hardware device that will be collecting data.
Google Glass joined the companies of Laptops and mobiles. Today, along with them we have other data collecting partners too like AI voice assistants, Smartwatches, and lots of other sensory data collectors.
Atlas was revealed to the public by Boston dynamics. The future is robots being a family member. There are few like Alexa, Mop P who have already entered our houses and there are many who will join the family in the future. Boston dynamics today is a pioneer in the field of Robotics and it all started with the popularity of Atlas.
GANs is the baby of AI pioneer Ian Goodfellow. It is the next big thing in the field of computer vision. In simple terms, GANs generate new data from the existing one and have remarkable applications in the major industries. All the aging apps, refacing apps, cartoonifying your images are the different applications of GANs.
The acquisition of DeepMind by Google is a landmark moment in the field of AI. The rise of Google in AI after this acquisition is noteworthy. Facebook too was in the race but Google won it at a whopping amount of 400 million euros.
Tensor flow is an end to end open-source platform for machine learning. It is very popular because of its sizable community, lots of packages, tools, etc. The release of Tensor flow made deep learning go mainstream. Lots of people started trying their hands-on deep learning and many different applications and use -cases were seen growing.
Elon Musk founded Open AI. Their work in the field of deep reinforcement learning is remarkable. Today Elon is one of the biggest drivers in the field in AI and Open AI is a big name in the AI community.
Go, a Chinese game is more complex than Chess. It involves lots of strategies, techniques. An AI learning all these techniques and beating a current World Champion 4/5 is a monumental achievement. There was one very interesting moment in the match when AlphaGo made a move and seeing it the world champion Lee Sedol was so perplexed that he left the arena.
Sophia is a robot developed by Hong-Kong based company Hanson Robotics. She became the first robot to get the Citizenship of Saudi Arabia. She can imitate facial expressions and engage in conversation with other humans.
Pytorch is an open-source framework for building AI models developed by FAIR (Facebook’s AI research lab). Currently, it is the most popular framework for deep learning.
FAIR i.e. Facebook’s AI research lab trained two AI chatbots to converse with each other. While conversing those chatbots deviated from the primary English language and created their own language. Although the project was shut down, this incidence shows the AI reaching the human general intelligence.
To enable AI frameworks interoperability, many big companies like Facebook, Google joined hands and launched ONNX — the interoperability ML framework.
Waymo is a company that works on self-driving cars. With 10 million miles on public roads and 7 billion in simulation, they are on their way to make the most experienced driver.
BERT stands for Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers. It can be used in solving many language tasks like questions — answering, sentence completion, etc.
With GANs going mainstream, people have started creating fake videos of famous personalities. It is very difficult to identify just by seeing if the video is real or fake. The technology is called DeepFakes.
Google researchers have created an AI system in detecting lung cancer and their accuracy is better than doctors.
Dota2 is not an individual game but a team game. The AI needs to coordinate with other AIs to beat any player in DOTA2. The factor of AI coordination and the win over the world champions, highlights the real achievements of it.
The last decade set up a strong foundation for the coming years and as Andrew Ng stated, “AI will be the new electricity and will impact the lives of every individual in the coming years.”
AI has become a prominent part of our life. From suggesting us as per our ordering patterns to replying our queries with the help of ML, AI has become the new normal.
In the last few years, AI has developed at an extremely rapid pace. It won’t be wrong to say that soon we will have our own JARVIS (Yes, from Iron Man) acting as our personal assistant. But there's still a long way to go.
In this post, I’ve explained what the timeline of AI development looks like and what you can expect in future. Do let me know if I’ve missed any phase in the comments. Till then, happy learning.
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